Tooth Decay Definition, Symptoms And Diagnosis

January 30, 2011 by In The News  
Filed under Internet Marketing Orlando

Tooth decay is brought about when bacteria,acid, food particles and saliva mix with each other and form plaque that sticks to the teeth. If the plaque is not taken off, it can lead to the complicating conditions like a cavity, a tooth abscess, tartar, gingivitis, and possibly periodontitis. This post will present a glimpse into the causes of tooth decay, the signs and symptoms and also how you and your dental professional can work to stop and/or treat this disorder.

Tooth Decay Causes And Symptoms

Tooth decay is a very common problem and can happen at any age but is far more common in kids and young adults. It comes about when normal bacteria of the mouth mix with acids, food particles and saliva too create plaque, a sticky substance which sticks to the teeth.

The acids in the plaque cause continual destruction of the enamel (outer part of tooth) and dentin (layer below the enamel) with the development of a cavity being seen. The tooth may continue to decay till it includes the pulp (layer beneath the dentin which consists of the blood vessels and nerves), which can result in pain and cause the tooth to be ruined and lost.

If the plaque is not removed it can mineralize into tartar and lead to irritation and inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) and possibly periodontitis, which is  the inflammation and infection of the ligaments and bones that support the tooth.

Foods that include carbohydrates such as sugar and starch put a particular person at larger risk for tooth decay.

Signs may include a dark area or noticeable hole on the tooth surface, and the tooth may be painful or sensitive to heat or cold.

Tooth Decay Diagnosis And Treatment

Observation of the aforementioned indications may be noted and ought to be evaluated by a dental office. Having said that, a lot of cavities are discovered in the course of a normal dentistry exam . The examination may involve x-rays, which can detect cavities prior to when they are noticeable on the surface of the tooth.

Treatment begins with preventative measures, which include excellent dental cleanliness like normal brushing, flossing, and regular check-ups by a dental office.  A dental professional or medical practitioner may prescribe fluoride tablets to be used while the teeth are developing in a young child. Everyday intake of refined carbohydrates or sugars ought to be minimized considering that they increase the risk of tooth decay.

If a cavity is found, the decayed area is removed from the tooth and replaced by a filling which is ordinarily a material similar to silver alloy, gold, porcelain or composite resin.

A crown or “cap” may be employed by a dental professional to deal with tooth decay if the damage to the tooth is extensive or there is only a modest overall amount of the regular tooth structure present.

A root canal is employed if the nerve of the tooth dies. In this case, the pulp and the decayed segment of tooth are removed and replaced with a sealing material.

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